In order to be a successful fisherman, it is important to understand the different types of fish and what makes them unique. Each type of fish has its own set of characteristics, habitats, and preferred foods. By understanding these differences, you can better select the right tackle, baits, and locations to increase your chances of landing that trophy fish.
There are three major classifications of fish:
- Saltwater fish live in the ocean and are intolerant to freshwater. Some common saltwater fish include tuna, salmon, and striped bass.
- Freshwater fish live in lakes, rivers, and streams and can tolerate both salt and freshwater environments. Some common freshwater fish include trout, bass, and catfish.
- Brackish water fish live in estuaries where freshwater and saltwater mix. This creates a less salty environment that is tolerated by some fish that cannot live in either pure freshwater or saltwater. Some common brackish water fish include red drum, speckled trout, and flounder.